Wind farms can be built on various types of terrain, including forested, mountainous and agricultural. Agricultural regions have good potential because they have been cleared, have no built-up areas and are fairly level. Wind turbines and agricultural activities can co-exist very well because the needs of farmers and wind power developers can easily be met. Wind turbines are well suited to agricultural land use since wind farm infrastructure (roads, wind turbines, power lines) accounts for less than 1% of a project’s surface area.
In Québec, the construction of a wind farm on agricultural land is regulated at several levels. The Commission de protection du territoire agricole du Québec (CPTAQ) must study and approve a project before it is implemented. Preserving agricultural use is, therefore, a priority during a project’s development. For example, 90% of the agricultural land used during the construction of a wind turbine is rehabilitated once work has been completed so that agricultural activities can continue normally.